The brand new sex ratio is such that there exists 101

The brand new sex ratio is such that there exists 101

The new Philippine inhabitants inside the 2000 try 76 504 077, so it’s the fresh new thirteen th really populated nation globally. Its population within the 2005 is actually projected at 85 236 913; women had been throughout the 50 percent of the full people. cuatro guys each 100 female. During the 2000, forty eight percent of populace stayed in cities compared to the 37.4 percent within the 1980 (NSO, 2000).

The population rate of growth has enhanced of 2.thirty-five percent into the 1980 in order to an estimated 2.05 % from inside the 2005. This new fertility price as of 2003 was step 3.5 % (NSO, 2003). The populace are more youthful: 37 percent try not as much as fifteen years old, sixty percent are at your workplace years (15-64 ages) and you will about three percent are 64 years otherwise more mature. Life span is 72.5 years for ladies and you will 67.two years for males. An average Filipino household has expanded reduced, of six users during the 1970, so you’re able to five inside 2000. Female-lead homes improved off 10 percent when you look at the 1970 to several.2 percent inside 2000. Female-on course home are smaller, which have typically five players (NCRFW, 2005).

The brand new Philippines was an enthusiastic archipelago along with eight 100 isles. 11 higher islands compensate on 95 per cent of one’s overall home city; quick countries and islets, many of which appear and you will fall off into the ebbing and you will rising of one’s tides, were the remainder 5 percent. The nation is actually divided in to three major isle teams: Luzon ‘s the largest area category with an area of 141 000 sq . kilometres, with Mindanao covering 102 000 sq . kilometer, and the Visayas with 57 000 sq kilometer (FAO, 2004).

The fresh Philippine populace are divided geographically and you can culturally on the countries, and every local category are recognisable because of the distinct faculties and you may languages. Tribal communities can be acquired strewn across the archipelago. The new Philippines has actually over 111 languages verbal, using this new subdivisions ones first local and you can social organizations. Specific 80 percent of one’s people is Roman Catholic. Regarding 15 per cent try Moslem that people is obtainable mainly during the Mindanao. The remainder people subscribes mostly to help you smaller Religious denominations and you may Buddhism (

During the 2004, the fresh new Philippines ranked 77 th from 173 countries with regards to off person invention. That it usually means that highest endurance in the birth, high literacy speed, and you can average amounts of earnings. Their are Birmingham, AL women more graceful Gender-Associated Development Index (GDI) rating was 63 rd away from 146 countries in identical season. Both HDI and GDI indices expressed satisfactory shows from inside the health and you may training, although not within the earnings. Money development lagged about from the country’s erratic economic progress and you can high poverty frequency (ADB, 2004).

Usually, the new Philippine authorities has already established minimal achievements when you look at the decreasing poverty accounts. Poverty chance in the 2000 is 28.cuatro per cent or around cuatro.step 3 million household otherwise twenty-six.5 million Filipinos. Thus more than one-third of one’s total Philippine populace resided underneath the poverty line (ICPD, 2004). This new impoverishment threshold about rural section are $207 while the latest urban poverty endurance is $242 (NSCB, 2002). Around 17.7 percent of your own complete female-on course house were life below the impoverishment line; the typical income of women- went house was higher than a man-went properties. The common annual household members earnings from female-going homes on rural portion are $step one 576 while men-lead households regarding rural areas’ mediocre yearly loved ones money was $1 548. This is often associated with the reality that all female-going homes have been smaller in dimensions than the men-oriented homes (NSCB, 2005).


Basic degree includes a decade out of authoritative schooling that have half dozen ages in the primary peak and you will several years about second height. Tertiary training include four or five ages with regards to the studies path. The government will bring 100 % free earliest education to youngsters regarding college or university years.

Fast inhabitants progress triggered rapid increases from the school age population, and the provision out of totally free first training lead to enhanced school enrolment. Although not, insufficient tips to possess taking earliest top quality studies, plus pervading poverty, has adversely impacted the school attendance prices, eg one of bad property (ICPD, 2004).

During the 2000, forty eight.six % of one’s enrollees on number 1 level have been female, whereas 51.cuatro per cent of the enrollees from the secondary peak was indeed women. Data show zero high gender variations in enrolment cost up to the fresh secondary height, however, female students usually keep going longer at school and are more likely find yourself secondary studies than just the male equivalents (NCRFW, 2005).

During the 2001, 95 percent of your population try literate. There had been zero extreme differences in the fresh literacy pricing of women and you will guys. Metropolitan females’ literacy rates try eight percent higher than brand new outlying females’ literacy rates. But not, the latest gender pit inside useful literacy ranging from gents and ladies inside the outlying parts try cuatro.9 per cent, having female having the high rate. Women literacy prices all over nations are very different; it is reduced throughout the Management Area for Muslim Mindanao (ARMM), from the 59 per cent (ADB, 2004).


The feminine labour force participation price (LFPR) keeps constantly lagged at the rear of a man LFPR in the past 10 decades. As 1995, female LFPR entered only 50 % whereas the male LFPR are continuously over 80 percent (NCRFW, 2005/NSO, 2004).

Of one’s 11.5 million women at your workplace decades, cuatro.9 mil was indeed operating and 0.six mil were out of work. The fresh declining living solutions, especially for young women, pressed many to help you move not just to City Manila or any other urban centres also to another country (CEDAW, 2005).

From inside the 2004, about thirteen.5 billion women was basically part of the state’s labour push for the the fresh rural section. Far more ladies in the brand new outlying portion is actually delinquent loved ones professionals. Of the final amount from working feamales in farming in 2002, outstanding family relations specialists taken into account 51.4 per cent, own-account workers accounted for 30 %, and you will wage and paycheck earners taken into account 18.6 percent. Female salary earners gotten lower pay for equivalent performs done-by men (NSO, 2004).

Till the mid-eighties, agriculture absorbed half this new labor force, but the cousin dimensions shrank inside thriving , just 37 percent of functioning professionals was in the agriculture. Every waged farming workers had been men, whom made 72 % of all gurus inside farming, hunting and forestry; and you will 94 percent of all the pros during the fishing (NSO, 2002).

Macroeconomic principles and you may deregulation on the farming market have limited the fresh choices and minimal the new resources offered to people. And that, the amount of to another country Filipino professionals (OFW) could have been increasing. During the mid-1990’s, nearly 800 000 Filipinos were functioning abroad; it count risen to step one.06 mil after ten years. Corre-spondingly, what number of feminine OFW along with increased historically. Of one’s overall OFW when you look at the 1995, women accounted for merely per cent; for the 2004, female made 50 % of the Filipinos that functioning overseas (NSO, 2004).